That poorly controlled blood sugar levels can cause a number of serious complications is basically considered to be a “mantra” in the medical diabetes community. This week we focus on a type of complication that often gets pushed aside by the “more” serious ones as amputation, heart failure and stroke – but that may actually aggravate the risk of these more life- threatening complications.
Av diabetesveileder Hildegunn Fossheim
Continuous low and high fluctuations in blood sugar levels make it harder for your body to fight infections. This includes infections in the gum. In addition, with frequent hypos (low blood sugar) one often consume large amounts of sugary drinks and other fast carbohydrates. Very fluctuating blood sugar levels also causes diabetes patients to eat at night, though many avoid brushing their teeth afterwards to avoid disturbing their beauty sleep. People with diabetes are actually 2-4 times more prone to gum disease than non- diabetics.
Patients with diabetes have more frequent periods of gingivitis (an early form of gum disease) than others. It is important that you are quick to treat this, so the condition does not develop into a Periodontitis. Periodontitis is an inflammatory condition, which can cause the teeth to simply fall off.
Periodontitis is a disease that should be taken seriously. Several research findings shows that the incidence of proteinuria and terminal kidney failure (kidney failure where there is a need for kidney transplant) can be up to three times elevated with periodontitis, and that death by cardiovascular diseases can be a two times higher.
In addition, tooth inflammation affects your diabetes. Infections in itself, no matter where in the body, when you have diabetes, will have bad repercussions on the blood glucose regulation. Blood sugar levels are higher when patients have infections. This means that patients with periodontitis have a higher HbA1c value. A good and regular oral hygiene may thus contribute to an improved HbA1c!
We at SmartCare want to raise awareness on the importance of good oral hygiene. We believe that it’s much easier to prevent than to treat infections.
How you can prevent gum diseases:
- Keep your blood sugar at a stable and recommended level
- Brush your teeth morning and night with a soft toothbrush
- Use mouthwash daily
- Use dental floss 1-2 times a day
- Go regularly to dental-control